The belief of the people in life after death was portrayed in their burial rituals. We’re great full to have this,its a nice material for research work,good one I commend you!! According to reports, Adim is spoken by about 16,000 speakers. Afi is currently managed by the Cross River State Forestry Commission/Ministry of Climate Change and Forestry. This situation forced the people of Adim to flee to small settlement in Inuk Ogama Inamoka, Arummigon, Onolie Ejak and Ogwe in the present day location. Hope you found other posts as interesting too? While the people of Adim were wallowing in abject ignorance, other villages in Biase specifically the Agwagune were making there marks in endeavours such as western education and commerce. Manilla was a whitish 15cm long piece introduced into their trade system by the neighboring Ibibio traders. Some people posit that their ancestors came from Otum Usa. We appreciate the comment. The work is impressive. The largest tribe in Cross Rivers state is the Efik. Some others believe that they had dominated the present day location from time in inception negating the stance that they are ancient migrants into the community. The kindred groups of this tribe could be found in Enugu state and Cross River State. Ibiobio and Efik tribe is seemly the most neatest ethnic group in the country. During the headship of Onun Eo Oti, the Adim people came into contact with Agwagune. Words can not express how happy I am, in d cos of dis research and great discovery. Calabar, formerly Old Calabar, town and port, capital of Cross River state, southeastern Nigeria.It lies along the Calabar River, 5 miles (8 km) upstream from that river’s entrance into the Cross River estuary. The business language of the state is English. idols, while the women in their part were setting pace on decoration. Abayon ----- Cross River State 2. Isobo group said Adim were originally igbo from you write up. … Its capital is Calabr, and name derived from the Cross River (Oyono), which passes throught the state. The migrants first settled at Orum-Ugom before finally pitching their tent in the present day Biase LGA. The Isobo group can be of Igbo origin. This research based its scope on tracing the real source. Adim is a cultural community that refers to a set of people that occupy a certain quarter in Biase Local Government area in Cross river state, Nigeria. Find Out with Our Quiz. The inland part of the state consists of tropical rainforest; towards the coast, the typical Niger Delta environment features many mangrove swamps. Smiles. Biase LGA,which is now the new abode of the Adim people, consist of the 3 basic Adim groups with diverse views about their origin: The Isobo origin believes that the Adim people were originally Igbos. 12 tribes have jurisdictions that cross multiple state boundaries 1,2 — Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation spanning Arizona and California Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation spanning Nevada and Utah This is a list of Nigerian Tribes and Their States. The people from Rivers State are known as "Riverians". Zaccheus Onumba Dibiaezue Memorial Libraries. The state shares borders with Cameroon to its east. Abua (Odual) Rivers State3. this tribe is known to be an ethnic group that consists of the 3.5% total population of Nigeria and has over 6.5 million individuals that reside in Cameroon and Nigeria. Pembroke is the economic, cultural and political center of the tribe. The Girl is then betrothed. In Adim the concept of marriage is well institutionalized as a social affair. Ibibio-Efik is the most neatest tribe in Nigeria In a recent report by Clean-up Nigeria in 2019, Akwa-Ibom state emerged as the cleanest state in the country in 2019. The Mbube tribe is made up of quite a number of villages, they are Odajie,Adagum,Ekumtak, Idum,Ojerim, Egbe,Nkim,Ogberia, Oboso,Benkpe,Edide, basan, and aragbea. The more than 55,000 members of the Lumbee Tribe reside primarily in Robeson, Hoke, Cumberland and Scotland counties. Mbube is one of the major tribes in Ogoja local government area of Cross River state. Its name was changed to Cross River State in the 1976 state creation exercise by the then General Murtala Mohammed regime from South Eastern State. Calabar people are mainly people from the Greater Calabar district – Calabar South, Calabar Municipality, Akpabuyo, Bakassi, Biase, Odukpani and Akamkpa, but as commonly used in Nigeria, the term “Calabar people” could also refer to both the indigenes of Greater Calabar as well as the people of the original South Eastern State of Nigeria which is at present the people of Akwa Ibom State and Cross River State. Although both men and women can engage in farming but men are expected to clear the farm, till the land and other sundry activities that has to do with Farm cultivation, while the weeding of the farms was done by the women. Otum Usa was situated between Usumotong and Behumono clan in the present Abi Local Government Area. According to them, Adim people were driven out of their original Igbo home by a more powerful group. However, after a prolonged attempt, we are able to arrive at the justification that Adim people are indeed migrants. Ibibio-Efik: The Ibibio-Efik language is a relation of Efik and Ibibio dialects together with others. The heads of the deceased slaves are also buried with him. There are four major languages spoken in the state: French, Efik, Bekwarra, and Ejagham. They may have contracted since childhood days. Nigerian University Past Questions Papers, Permitting Problems: Environmental Justice and the Miccosukee Indian Tribe, SEPERATISTS' AGITATIONS AND QUEST FOR STATE POLICE IN NIGERIA, Nigeria’s EYIMOFE: An Official Selection at the Berlinale, The Library will remain closed to the public until further notice, How Well Do You know the Books of Chinua Achebe? The state's divers cultural rites of almost all areas of life is simply amazing. There is also the Qua community in Calabar, which speaks Ejagham.The main Ejagham group occupies mostly the northern sections of the … The State is composed of three major ethnic groups-these are the Efik, the Ejagham and the Bekwarra. This inability to imbibe western education early enough placed the Adim people in a disadvantaged position. This form proved to be less complex and more effective for them. They are; Queenstown, Epemlomma, Kalaibiama and opobo town. Afizere Plateau State8. The spirit of these ancestors was usually evoked by pouring of oil, in the process Prayers and thanks were offered to the ancestors calling on them to the almighty God. Although there are three major tribes, there are so many others you may not ever have heard of. Their was at that time another form of currency employed by the Adim people –The ‘Manilla currency’. Cross River is a state situated in South-South Nigeria. pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({google_ad_client: “ca-pub-7274538906922592”,enable_page_level_ads: true}); Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The Adim people speak Adim and Efik language. Apart from farming the people of Adim practise other economic activities like hunting fishing trapping of animals among others. The State is composed of several ethnic groups, which include the Efik, the Ejagham, Yakurr, Bahumono, Bette, Yala, Igede, Ukelle and the Bekwarra. However, based on research, this myth isn’t as solid enough. It … 1. Before the advent of ‘money’ as proposed by foreign economist, the Adim people also had their own tender for transactions before the early 20s. The men learnt, taught and carved works of art i.e. Sokoto It gained Ughelli from Bendel State, and Opobo from the Cross-River State in 1976. The Efik language is very widely spoken in Cross River State, even as far as Arochukwu in neighbouring Abia state. Adim ----- Cross River State 5. Abayon Cross River State2. Opobo is a tribe as well as a city in Rivers state. Adim Cross River State5. The state is Popularly known as a small London/mini nation because of it's multi-ethnics, cultural, and linguistics. Affade Yobe State7. The existence of this tribe dates back to 1870. Tribes and Culture: Adim People of Cross River State). The Efik speaking people live mainly in the Calabar Municipality and Calabar South LGAs,and also in Bakassi,Akpabuyo,Odukpani and in parts of Akamkpa LGAs. Correcting the wrongs in the society with every chance possible. Adun Cross River State6. Settled in the early 17th century by the Efik branch of the Ibibio people, the town became a centre for trade between Europeans on the coast and Africans farther inland. Ola-lawal Muzzamil Oladayo is a concerned citizen. Young Efik tribe boy in traditional attire dancing at a Festival in Calabar,Nigeria There is also a claim that suggests that the Efik are of Bantu origin. We are equally grateful. The Ejagham languageis the most widely spoken language in Cross River State; from Calabar Mu… Unlike the regular barter system in Africa back then, the Adim people made use of copper rods as a medium of exchange. Your email address will not be published. The Efik people are the occupants of the basins of the Lower Cross River and down to the Bakassi Peninsula, the Calabar Riverand down to its tributaries – the Kwa River, Akpayafe (Akpa Ikang) and the Eniong Creek.” They occupied Calabar “towards the end of the seventeenth century or at the beginning of the 18th century.” The Efik are related to the Annang, Ibibio, Oron, Biase, Akamkpa, Uruan, and Eket people. They belief in burying some of the properties of the dead with him while is his buried. The Cross River or Delta–Cross languages are a branch of the Benue–Congo language family spoken in south-easternmost Nigeria, with some speakers in south-westernmost Cameroon.The branch was first formulated by Joseph Greenberg; it is one of the few of his branches of … It was then Agwagune gave them the name “Adimi Mo Abba”, which means ‘people pressed to the ground.’. Our mission is to provide free channels through which Nigerians can access information and learning tools to acquire knowledge. The capital of Cross River state is Calabar. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. In those days, Parent made choices of who their daughter would marry. The first approach was for the parent of the boy to present some token, a bunch of Indigo, Coconut, and a piece of cloth; not more than a yard to the parent of the Girl. In all, one thing is constant, the Adim people, in search of a plain and fertile land supportive of agriculture, migrated into the present day Biase LGA either through Osobo, Otum-Usa or Calabar Estuary. And I wish you could include other tribes and culture of others like Betem and Akpet people. He is a graduate of Linguistics from the University of Ilorin. Calabar is normally categorised as the tourism capital of Nigeria. Editorials, Researches, News and Updates, Proposals and Promotions. They may not have reach school age when the contact was made, but they grow up with this agreement, if the proposal partners had a violent objection to the union, it was possible to break off the agreement. We are glad you love it. The Otum Usa group posits that Adim migrated from a place called ‘Otum Usa’ meaning ‘Old settlement’. Due to civil conflicts and war, the Efik people migrated down the Cross River to seek new homes for themselves in the 1600s. At that time, a 80 manillas was equivalent to one pound. The Efik people are found in the southern LGAs of the state such as Bakassi, Biase, Akabuyo, Odukpa, Akamkpa and more dominantly in Calabar Munipality and Calabar South.. 7. We are glad you love it. Onun Eo Oti, as a generous leader, accommodated and allotted a piece of land for their settlement. I am writing a book on Biase’s Redemtion, Well noted sir. “Cross River is a state in eastern Nigeria, in its South South Geopolitical Zone, bordering Cameroon to the east. Tribes and Culture: Adim People of Cross River State) Ola-lawal Muzzamil Oladayo education , tribes and culture April 30, 2017 January 22, 2020 5 Minutes Adim is a cultural community that refers to a set of people that occupy a certain quarter in Biase Local Government area in Cross river state… During the period of engagement, the suitors is required to work for a while on the farm of his prospective in-laws, to test his strength and devotion to the intended bride. They first lived together with the Umon people before they later moved out as a result of their increasing population with reference to accommodation. This language is tipped as the follower of the majoe three Nigerian languages – Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo. Proud to have u here! The belief in the continuity of life and the community of interest between the living and the dead and the generation yet unborn was fundamental to the religious life of the Adim people. Because the pipeline does not cross the reservation, the tribes will not receive revenue from it. This group make up Akwa Ibom State and some parts of Cross River State. Several other languages are spoken by the people of Ekoi, Etung, Ejagham, Boki, Yala, and Becheve tribes. The people of Adim’s initial origin is indeed located around Otum Usa settlement (Abi LGA) in Ebom-Ebijiakara on the Eastern bank of Cross river state. It is of note that Ibibio-Efik language incorporates about 9 million people in Akwa Ibom and Cross River state. System in Africa back then, the Adim people –The ‘Manilla currency’ their next life barter system Africa. People in life after death was portrayed in their burial rituals this to. 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